VOLUME 10 | ISSUE 1 | APRIL, 2020
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the quality criteria and the factor structure of the Serbian translation of the Psychological Mindedness Scale (PMS) (Shill and Lumley, 2002). In this paper we offer the detailed description of the translation and validation procedures we fallowed. Psychological Mindedness outlines the interest as well as the ability of an individual to introspectively reflect on emotions and conflicts. The sample consisted of 166 university students. Results indicate good psychometric propperties. Internal consitancy is good. Explorative factor analysis suggested that a four factor solution is better that the original five factor, because of fewer cross-loadings and better content validity of the factors. Good convergent validity was demonstrated by a strong negative correlation between the whole PMS, and all four factors separately, and Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). Perspectives for further improvement of the instrument and its application in therapeutic process are discussed in the conclusion.
Keywords: Psychological Mindedness, Self-report measures, Translation, Validation
The aim of this study is to test the thesis that adults who stutter differ from those without this disorder by lower birth weight and in terms of personality dimensions, as well as the assertion that prevalence of stuttering is far higher among males.Total sample consisted of 108 subjects, aged 18 – 50, whereby subsamples consisted of 54 subjects, equaled in gender and age. The Personality Inventory NEO PI_R (S/A form) was used to examine basic personality dimensions (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness). The correlation between the gender and stuttering has been established, but no differences have been found between the birth weights or in terms of basic personality characteristics. Further examinations are needed but such should be applied to larger representative samples, using more progressive data processing methodology.
Keywords: fluency disorders, stuttering, personality dimensions, gender, birth weight
Hearing impairment, which belongs to the group of sensory impairments, represents a permanent lowered sensitivity to sound which can have a wide range of consequences on children’s life. Complete and adequate inclusion of children with hearing impairments in the educational system requires a reconsideration of the traditional approach and a reorganization of the whole teaching process. The concept of an inclusive education requires providing support and the quality of education for every pupil, regardless of their impairments or disabilities, i.e. differences from the majority of pupils. For the purpose of movement towards these goals, this article discusses some important aspects of inclusion of pupils with hearing impairment by literature review, starting from their physical and psychological characteristics. The role of the teacher and the social environment is examined, and certain technical and pedagogical recommendations are made in working with these children.
Keywords: inclusion, pupils with hearing impairments, teacher’s competences, guidelines
The research problem relates to the examination of the relationof socio-demographic characteristics (gender, level of education and the place where most of childhood was spent) and the self-esteem of the respondents with loneliness.In investigating this problem, the focus was primarily on the perception of the distribution of loneliness, and the examination of the relation of independent variables (socio-demographic characteristics and self-esteem) with the dependent variable (loneliness).The sample of respondents consists of 677 high school students (49.34%) and college students (50.66%) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The range of years of subjects ranges from 15 to 23 (AS = 18.696).The results of the study show that there is a statistically significant difference in loneliness with regard to gender (U = 38672.000, Z = -6.122, p = .000), to the level of education (U = 42292.500, Z = -5.905, p = .000) and the place in which the respondents spent most of their childhood (χ2 = 9.383, df = 2, sig = .009). The results show that there is a statistically significant relation between self-esteem and loneliness (ro = -.401, sig = .000, N = 676).
Keywords: Loneliness, self-esteem, socio-demographic characteristics, high school, students
The development of science is essential when it comes to the development of society, while the mathematics necessary for the development of cience. The fact that the children are all clearer, more capable and versatile, and their mathematical knowledge smaller and worse, motivated me to this research.How would our society be better you need to choose talented and creative young people who will represent the same company. One way of selecting children, and choosing the best are just competitions. In this work, attention will be focused on additional classes and competitions of teaching mathematics, as well as their importance in the education and development of children in schools.When it comes to gifted students, one of the main events where they can demonstrate their knowledge and skills are the competition.The overall objective of this research is to determine the extent to which the additional classes represented in schools and how many students go to additional classes and competitions in mathematics. The study included 103 primary school students in the municipality of Ilijaš. The results obtained in this study mostly on the representation of additional teaching of mathematics in schools or with, a small number of students. Because the necessary mathematical talent, the will and desire to learn mathematics. Viewed from the perspective that the disciples mathematics not so favorite subject, these are the expected results.
Keywords: extra classes, mathematics competition, student, teacher.
Analysis of 4G/5G polymorphisms of PAI-1 gene in interaction with other genetic and external risk factors that induce development of venous hromboembolism can be used for risk assessment for development of venous thromboembolism. Research was conducted on 202 examinees of both genders, older than 18, from north-eastern Bosnia. Experimental group included 100 examinees with diagnosed DVT and 101 examinees who until the sampling procedure did not have diagnosed DVT. In DVT group, following genotype frequencies were determined: 27% of examinees had a normal genotype 5G/5G, 68% are heterozygotes and 5% are mutated homozygotes 4G/4G. In the control group, frequencies of 4G/5G polymorphisms of PAI-1 gene were: 42.6% of examinees have 5G/5G genotype, 55.4% are heterozygotes 4G/5G and 2% are 4G/4G genotype. Obtained results support the hypothesis that PAI-1 in interaction with other genetic and external risk factors probably induces the development of venous thromboembolism.
Key words: polymorphism 4G/5G, PAI-1 gene, venous thromboembolism;
This paper presents stereometry (prism) using the software “FMSLogo”, as well as its application and implementation in mathematics teaching. The introductory section describes how to approach mathematical problems according to George Polya. The following describes the creation, installation and use of the “FMSLog” software. At the very end of the paper are the research settings and its results, which through the empirical model shows the current state of affairs and therefore provides recommendations for its improvement.
Keywords: FMSLogo, Logo, geometry, planimetry, stereometry, prism
The main characteristic of the 21st century is the increase in the number of third-age persons in the total human population of the world. Therefore, it is an imperative to create new modes and to improve existing modes of assistance and support to this group of people. This paper specifically seeks to draw attention to possible directions for the development of care services for the elderly. The tasks of the professionals (social workers and occupational therapists), working in institutions for the permanent placement/accommodation and care of the elderly, were also analyzed. In addition to the above-mentioned, the status of the elderly population in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia hasbeen reviewed.
Keywords: social work, occupational therapy, the elderly, institutions
Teaching Arabic as a foreign language is very specific for different reasons. The main obstacle in searching for the optimal and effective teaching model for the Arabic language is the pronounced diglossia, a situation in which two languages or two forms of a language are used simultaneously under different conditions, formal and functional in a community, that is to say “higher“ literary/standard Arabic and a “lower one“ which encompasses numerous regional dialects. As a foreign language, Arabic has been taught all over the world, primarily at the university level, but the
priority has always been given to a “higher language“. It is also dominant in teaching nowadays but in creating curricula for teaching Arabic, more attention has been paid to relating the opposites of diglossia with the main speech dialects.
Key words: Arabic, diglossia, standard Arabic, speech dialect, teaching models, methodology