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Volume 9 Issue 2 SEPTEMBER 2019

Amela Teskeredžić1 Hurma Begić Jahić – THE IMPACT OF GEOMETRY KNOWLEDGE ON THE ORIENTATION AND MOBILITY OF BLIND STUDENTS
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Abstract
The problem of blindness and other visual impairment is very important because it affects millions of people in the world. For those suffering from innate visual impairment, it is very difficult to imagine the world like it is, the fight begins from early school stages and continues until the end of life. This paper describes how the learning of basic geometric shapes, and their different positions, has an impact on the formation of a mental scheme in orientation and mobility. Geometry and its knowledge represent only one small part necessary for a safer and more independent movement of blind people. The research has shown that the quarterly individual work, on the adoption of geometric concepts and positions in students, is making progress in overcoming the recent problems. Spatial visualization implies understanding and imaginary movements, which, with spatial orientation and recognition of parts and relationships in the micro and macro environment, require mental rotation in relation to the position of the body. Therefore, it all together influences the formation of the mental scheme of the blind people, which is the basis for orientation and movement.
Keywords: geometry, orientation, mobility, blind students

Dženana Radžo Alibegović, Aldijana Kudumović – DIFFERENCES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF TACTILE FUNCTIONS IN PARTIALLY SIGHTED CHILDREN IN RELATION TO CATEGORY AND TYPE OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to examine the differences in the development of tactile functions in visually impaired (amblyopic) children in relation to the category and type of visual impairment. In the study, 30 respondents with visual impairment, aged 7-13 and of both genders were examined. Tactile functions assessment was performed using the LuriaNebraska Tactile Functions Assessment Scale (‘C3’). A t-test was used to examine the significance of arithmetic mean differences. With respect to the category of visual impairment, it was found that there were statistically significant differences in arithmetic means on three variables of tactile perception. Respondents have equally developed tactile functions in relation to the type of visual impairment.
Keywords: children with visual impairment, tactile functions

Mirza Sitarević, Leila Begić,Zamir Mrkonjić – GRAMMATICAL DEVELOPMENT AND THE USE OF GRAMMATICALLY COMPLEX SENTENCES IN CHILDREN WHO STUTTER AND CHILDREN WHO DO NOT STUTTER
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The main aim of the research was to determine the development of grammar and the use of grammatically complex sentences in stuttering and non-stuttering children, and to determine whether there are differences in the above abilities between these two groups of respondents. The sample of respondents consisted of a total of 64 children aged 56-83 months. Respondents are divided into two groups. The experimental group consisted of 32 stuttering children, of whom 19 were male and 13 female. The control group consisted of 32 children who did not stutter, and who compared with age and gender, were equal with the respondents of the experimental group. The research was conducted in preschools and elementary schools in the area of the Tuzla and Una-Sana Cantons in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The results of the study showed that stuttering children show statistically lower abilities during repetition of sentences, as well as recognition, understanding and use of common morphological forms. However, it is important to point out that children who stutter, regardless of significantly lower results than their fluent speaking peers, have shown above-average grammatical abilities. Also, the results showed that both children who stutter and children who do not stutter in their spontaneous speech use complex sentences.
Keywords: language, stuttering, syntax, morphology, complex sentence

Edina Kuduzović, Edin Muftić, Azra Kurtić, Adela Jahić – CORRELATION OF METABOLIC AND ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS WITH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SMOKING STATUS OF STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY IN TUZLA
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Abstract
Reduced physical activity and an increase in sedentary habits, as one of the factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and other diseases, are also present in the youth population. The increasing of sedentary lifestyle and the reducing of physical activity can have negative consequences for the health of both genders, including increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). It is believed that almost 50% of young people do not practice regular physical activity. Regular physical activity reduces the risk in adults of early death caused by coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes mellitus, colon and breast cancer and depression. Studies investigating the sedentary lifestyle of young people in the United States show that the length of watching TV is directly proportional to the frequency of obesity. Daily moderate (medium-intensity) physical activity is beneficial for all people, regardless of age. The World Health Organization, within its “Health for All” strategy for the region of Europe, has set the goal for young people to be healthier and more capable to fulfill their roles in society in the year 2020 and that the psycho-social condition of people needs to be improved and help and service should be available to them, which will be better able to include and be more accessible to people with a mental health problem.
Keywords: Blood pressure, BMI, smoking status, physical activity

Adela Jahić, Emina Suljkanović-Djedović, Lejla Kuralić-Čišić, Meliha Bijedić – PRESENCE OF RISK FACTORS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS AND THE NEED FOR EARLY SOCIAL-PEDAGOGICAL INTERVENTION
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The school is an institution that represents an important link in the social care chain for children and young people, which also involves taking various measures to prevent the occurrence of undesirable behaviors. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of risk factors between adolescents with externalized and internalized problems and typically developing adolescents, and to determine in which segment, in the opinion of teachers, early social-pedagogical intervention is most needed. The research sample is made up of 450 students (233 male and 217 female) of the seventh and eighth grades of primary school. The results show that the highest risk factors are present in the group of students with externalized behavioral problems, slightly less in the group with internalized problems, and the least in students without behavioral and emotional problems. When it comes to early social-pedagogical interventions, in the opinion of teachers, they should be comprehensive and implemented by a competent expert.
Keywords: early social-pedagogical intervention, adolescents, risk factors, school environment

Admira Beha, Husnija Hasanbegović – LABOR CAPACITY OF DEAF WORKERS ON THE WORKPLACE: QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ATTITUDES OF DEAF WORKERS AND THEIR CO-WORKERS WITHOUT HEARING IMPAIRMENT
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The aim of this paper is to determine the opinions of deaf workers on their labor capacity and the opinions of their hearing co-workers about the labor capacities of the deaf. The sample consisted of 247 respondents, of whom 127 were deaf and 120 were hearing workers. Qualitative and quantitative analysis were used in processing the results. Testing was performed by Wilks’ Lambda, tested significance in discriminant analysis was done by F test, at the statistical significance of 0.01. It was found that the sub-sample of respondents had a statistically significant difference in views on claims regarding the exploitation of deaf workers by employers, the employment of deaf people in low-paid simple occupations, and the equally successful but insignificant productivity of deaf workers. The statistical differences found indicate that there are differences in the assessment of the labor capacity of deaf workers in the hearing work environment. Qualitative analysis found that hearing impairment and the subjective attitudes of colleagues without hearing impairment have the greatest impact on the assessment of the labor capacity of deaf workers.
Keywords: Deaf workers, labor capacity of the deaf, productivity of the deaf

Meliha Povlakić Hadžiefendić, Esad H. Mahmutović – INTERESTS OF DEAF AND HARD-OF-HEARING STUDENTS FOR SPORTS
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Abstract
Slow speech-language development and reduced communication skills can affect weaker experiences in different activities. The aim of the research was to determine interests and aspirations for sports of deaf and hard-of-hearing students. The sample consisted of 94 examinees, divided into two groups. The first group consisted of 47 deaf and hard-of-hearing students, and the second, control group, the same number of their hearing peers, both sexes, average age of 16 ± 1.27 years. The test used for research was Test for Interests and Aspirations of Students of 20 Assertions – Indicators of attitudes about participation and opportunities provided by eight different activities, of which sport is one of them. The obtained data were processed with descriptive analysis, and the differences between the groups tested with the t-test. Deaf and hard-of-hearing students recognize the importance of dealing with sports, but feel that they do not participate enough. The examinees without hearing impairments pleaded more favorably about participation in sport activities than examinees with hearing impairment, and the statistically significant difference was established. Statistically significant difference was not determined in the case of pleading about the possibilities provided by sport. Deaf and hard-of-hearing students believe that sport can have significant impact on better socialization, wherefore it is necessary to include these persons in sport activities at an early age.
Keywords: deaf, hard-of-hearing, sport

Dževad Mahmutović, Mirna Alibegović – STATUS AND PERSPECTIVES OF WAR CRIMES PROCESSING IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
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Serious, systematic and massive violations of international humanitarian law were committed during the 1992-1995 armed conflict in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The criminal prosecution and prosecution of perpetrators of these violations of international humanitarian law falls within the jurisdiction of several courts of various levels, namely the ICTY, the courts in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the courts of other countries, in accordance with the principle of universal jurisdiction. However, the fact that is justifiably worrying is that, even after 24 years since the end of the war, the work on prosecuting those responsible for violations of international humanitarian law in Bosnia and Herzegovina is nowhere near completion. This is a consequence of non-compliance with the guidelines of the National War Crimes Processing Strategy, implementation of various laws at the state and entity levels, as well as limited regional cooperation and dialogue. The results of the research show that the concerns and perceptions expressed by citizens, as well as by some domestic and international institutions regarding the effectiveness of prosecutors’ offices in prosecuting war crimes cases are very justified. Such data call for action by all relevant individuals and institutions to undertake activities in their own domain in order to advance this process and bring it to the level it deserves, given the importance for the overall BiH society.
Keywords: war crime, genocide, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

Muhamed Husejnović – BOSNIAN KINGDOM DURING SECOND DECADE OF THE 15th CENTURY
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After the defeat of Hungary by the Ottoman Empire, in August of 1415, the Bosnian king and a few noble men made a decision to change their political loyalty towards the Hungary. King Ostoja tried to take care of inside matters that were ruling in Bosnian Kingdom. He called for a meeting (Stanak) at which he would even out with some noble men. Even Dubrovcani wrote about this event. In one of their letters they described the events that took place in Kraljeva Sutjeska. After the occurrence in Kraljeva Sutjeska, intervention of Ottoman army was expected. One of the facts that the situation was pretty serious is that some families sought asylum from Dubrovnik’s authorities in case of alarming circumstances. One of Bosnian powerful nobles dies in 1416. King Ostoja and other noblemen were fighting over his property.
Keywords: King Ostoja, Stanak, noblemen, Dubrovcani, Hungarian king, Ottoman army.

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