VOLUME 11 | ISSUE 1 | APRIL, 2021
People with intellectual disabilities often face a number of disorders that can impair their health and even endanger their lives. One of these disorders is dysphagia, which is often unrecognized in this population. The main goal of the research was to determine the differences in the severity of dysphagia relation to the degree of intellectual disability in persons placed in institutional accommodation. The study involved 31 respondents diagnosed with intellectual disabilities. The results showed that people with a higher degree of intellectual disability have more pronounced dysphagia. Caregivers of people with intellectual disabilities should be aware of the presence of dysphagia in people with intellectual disabilities, and refer them to a speech-language pathologist in a timely manner with the goal of timely diagnosis and treatment to improve the overall health and quality of life of people of this population.
Keywords: swallowing disorder, degree of intellectual disability, institutional accommodation
CP is the foremost cause of motor disability in children and affects two to five children in 1000 live births worldwide. It is been recognized as a global concern medically, socially, and economically due to the increasing financial burden to the states. About half of the children with cerebral palsy suffer a range of motion difficulties. The study aims to understand the role of orthotic devices and its efficacy in the treatment of the patient with cerebral palsy and gait improvement. An online database of Pubmed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, etc. searched to find the articles with the keywords, cerebral palsy, orthotic devices, orthosis, lower limb, and results were synthesized and narrated to explore the effectiveness of the devices on the gait pattern and quality of life of a patient with cerebral palsy. The database search was done without the barrier of dates and regions. Orthoses applied externally appear to be supported and had a diverse effect on gait depending on the type of orthosis. However, the relationship between gait pattern and AFOs and ankle properties is yet to be established. Additional research in this area is needed to complement the development of passive and active AFOs to provide larger improvements in walking capabilities.
Keywords: cerebral palsy, orthotic devices, orthosis, lower limb
The aim of this work is toresearch does exist a fear of mathematics, what are the causes of fear of mathematics, in what forms fear is manifested and what parents do to repress a fear of mathematics at students in higher grades of elementary school. For the purposes of the research, two separate scales were created which measured the fear of mathematics at students from the perspective of parents and students. The research was conducted in the elementary schools in Central Bosnia with students of fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth grades. We leave the survey questionnaire at the end, in attachment, so that it can be viewed. Analysis or data processing we worked and we got results which we´ve presented in this work. There shouldn´t be fear in the teaching process. Students shouldn´t come to school under pressure or in fear, but should find ways to motivate themselves to work because of their personal progress and training for life. Parents and teachers help them with that. Achievements in mathematics are researched more than achievements in other subjects because mathematics is important for researching and comparing different educational systems.Because of this importance, we need to find ways to repress the students ’fear of math.Students, except motivation for working, should give encouragement and support. Communication with the child, and communication in the parent-school-student relationship is very important in repressing the child’s fear.
Keywords: fear, mathematics( math), student, elementary school
The aim of this review was to systematically identify, analyze, and summarize research involving interventions based on sensory integration and activities that promote sensory integration in children with ASD. Based on the selection criteria ten out of thirty studies were selected and described in terms of: a) participant characteristics, b) assessments used in the studies, c) intervention procedures, d) study goals, e) intervention outcomes and whether or not there was improvement in behavior or clinical conditions. The results of the analyzed studies indicate a remarkable heterogeneity profile of sensory function in children with ASD, which affect the applicability of different forms of treatment. Based on the results of these studies, we can conclude that treatments based on SI theory can reduce stereotypical, aggressive, auto-aggressive, irritable, and hyperactive behavior, as well as improve self-regulation of behavior.
Keywords: Autism, sensory integration, sensory disorders, therapy, auditory intervention training, sensory intervention therapy
The purpose of this paper is to detect the leading diseases diagnosed in dental care, for the population 0-6 years and 07-18 years of age for the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton in 2008 and 2013, to compare the results for those two years, to determine trends, individual diseases, and comparing the obtained results with the results for the territory of the Federation of B&H. During the preparation of this paper, the data collected and published in its reports by the Institute of Public Health of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina were used. Dental caries / K02 / takes the first place on the list of diseases in the field of dental activity, in all age groups. Diseases of the pulp and periapical tissue / K04 /, which most often occur as a result of caries, take second place on the list of diseases in all age groups. It is necessary to work on increasing the number of public healthcare of specialist teams of preventive and pediatric dentistry in the area of HNK, as well as increasing the number of dental care points, where children and youth would receive the service. Further work is needed to improve the state of oral health and the population through.
Keywords: Caries, pulp, periapical tissue, oral health
Mathematics as a school subject in primary and secondary school is a significant problem for quite a number of students. Additional classes that are organized and conducted within schools reduce this problem, but not significantly. In supplementary classes, the same is done with large groups, but not individually, and the same teachers teach in the same way that did not give satisfactory results, and similar. For that reason, many resort to the so-called “instructions”, in other words to the extracurricular supplementary lessons of mathematics. The aim of the research is to examine, determine, analyze and present the representation of extracurricular supplementary teaching in mathematics in secondary (high school) education depending on gender, grade, socio-economic status of the family and grade point average in the past school year.
Keywords: mathematics, teaching, supplementary, extracurricular, instruction, failure