Current Issue

Volume 9 Issue 1 APRIL 2019

ChongMin Lee, Peter V. Paul – DEAF MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS’ COMPREHENSION OF RELATIONAL LANGUAGE IN ARITHMETIC COMPARE PROBLEMS
Full Text

Abstract
This study examined the performance of deaf and hard of hearing middle school students on arithmetic compare word problems with relational statements. Thirteen prelingual, severe-to-profound deaf students were selected to participate. The results showed that the students were more likely to misunderstand a relational statement and make a reversal error when the required arithmetic operation was inconsistent with the statement’s relational term (e.g., choosing the operation of addition when the relational term was less than). There were no statistical differences in the number of reversal errors and on lexical markedness (i.e., marked vs. unmarked items). Finally, fraction-of-a-number relational terms exerted more influence on students’ abilities to solve word problems than did the lexical markedness. Findings are interpreted in light of the consistency effect hypothesis. Directions for future research and implications for instruction are also provided.
Keywords: compare word problems, consistency effect hypothesis, deaf, mathematics

Saša Stepanović – THE PREVALENCE OF DIFFERENT TEACHING METHODS IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Full text

Abstract
Teaching methods represent the basic, regulatory elements of the teaching process. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of different methods in inclusive Serbian schools. The sample consisted of 16 elementary schools attended by pupils with sensory impairments (visual and auditory impairments: N=69). 382 school classes of sixth and seventh grade were systematically observed to register the frequency of method used. Results have shown that the most frequently used method was the monologue (39,7%) followed by the dialogic method (39,2%) while other methods were used far less often (written/graphic presentation (12,3%), working with text (5,8%) and demonstration (2,8%)). The quality of teaching can be significantly lowered if one method is predominantly used in class. Implications for more effective teaching in inclusive schools are discussed, with special regard to pupils with sensory impairments.
Keywords: inclusive education, dialogic method, monologic method, teaching methods, pupils with sensory impairments

Ševala Tulumović, Dragica Omerćehajić, Izeta Husić-Đuzić – DIFFERENCES IN SPATIAL ORIENTATION IN CHILDREN WITH AND WITHOUT VISUAL IMPAIRMENT WITH REGARD TO AGE, GENDER AND SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT
Full text

Abstract
The aim of the research is to examine the differences in the spatial orientation of children with and without visual impairment with regard to age, gender, and school achievement. The sample of respondents consisted of a total of 62 respondents, of whom: 31 respondents with visual impairment and 31 respondents without visual impairment, aged 7-11, both sexes obtained from the pupil population from the first to the eighth grade of regular primary schools in the Tuzla Canton area. The obtained results were processed by descriptive analysis, t-test and variance analysis. By analyzing the results on variables for the estimation of spatial orientation, we can conclude that the two investigated groups statistically significantly differ in spatial orientation with regard to: age, while the differences were not shown on the variables: gender, and school achievement. The results of the research can be used to create new methods for implementing and improving the rehabilitation process in this population of children. Rehabilitation with children with visual impairment can positively influence the reduction of the differences in the spatial orientation of this population in relation to children of intact vision, and on the educational process, social and professional integration of this population.
Keywords: spatial orientation, children with visual impairment, children without visual impairment

Ivana Sretenović, Goran Nedović – MOTOR DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
Full text

Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine the level of motor development of children with visual impairment and comparison with peers of typical development. The research sample consisted of a total of 135 children with visual impairment and children with typical development, 7-10 years old, of both sexes. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, 2nd edition was used to estimate motor development. The methods of descriptive statistics, as well as the T-test of independent samples, and the Hi square test were used in statistical processing of the obtained data. The results of the study had shown that the level of motor development of the subjects with visual impairment was below and well below the average for their age. Typical development subjects are mostly within the average norms.
Keywords:  BOT-2, motor development, students with visual impairments, vision

Izeta Husić-Đuzić, Ševala Tulumović – THE ROLE OF PERSONAL ASSISTANT IN YOUNG PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
Full text

Abstract
The aim of the paper is to examine the need for a personal assistant in young people with disabilities. The sample of respondents consisted of young people with disabilities, chronologically aged 18-35, both genders, 50 of them, selected by random selection method from the Tuzla Canton area. The data obtained by the research were processed using the method of parametric and nonparametric statistics. Frequencies, percentages and measures of central tendency are calculated (arithmetic mean, standard deviation). The results obtained showed that there is a need for a personal assistant for young people with disabilities.
Keywords: young people with disabilities, personal assistant
forms of teaching

Alma Malkić Aličković – SOCIAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THE EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF THEIR PARENTS
Full text

Abstract
Social skills are one of the fundamental factors that determine the quality of relationships that an individual realizes with people in his or her environment. In the interpersonal relationship, many human needs are realized, and the learning of the skills that enrich interpersonal relationships starts from the earliest days of the child’s life. The paper presents the results of the research aimed at examining the social skills of elementary school pupils in relation to the educational level of their parents. The survey was carried out on the sample of elementary school students from the city of Tuzla (N = 506). As the research tool, Inventory of Social Skills (Riggio and Throckmorton) and the Questionnaire of Socio-status Characteristics were used. The social skills of the respondents were analyzed separately in relation to the educational level of the mother and father, and the results obtained point to the conclusion that there is no statistically significant difference between the social skills of elementary school students in view of the educational level of their mothers, while the differences are present in relation to the educational level of the father, that is, elementary school pupils whose fathers are of lower educational level show a higher level of development of emotional control, social sensitivity and social manipulation.
Keywords: social skills, parenting, verbal social skills, non-verbal social skills

Edin Muftić, Adela Jahić, Ranko Kovačević – PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR FROM THE ASPECT OF THE STRUCTURE OF LEISURE TIME
Full text

Abstract
The aim of the research is to determine the characteristics of the prosocial behavior of primary and high school students in terms of the structure of leisure time. The sample of respondents consists of 230 students of the final grades of primary and high schools, both genders, aged 14-19. The research was conducted in the area of Tuzla during the school year 2017/2018. years. The survey used the measuring instrument “Scale of self-assessment of juvenility behavior YSR”. Mann Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis of data. When analyzing the prosocial behavior of primary and high school students in terms of the structure of leisure time, statistically significant differences at the level of p≤0,05 were established in such a way that students with structured leisure time compared to students whose leisure time is not structured more often : are fairly honest, they do things better than most children, they can be pretty friendly, they are skillful with their hands, they fight for their rights, enjoy being with other people, they like to make others laugh, they like to help others.
Keywords: leisure time, children and juvenility, prosocial behavior

Leila Begić, Zamir Mrkonjić, Mirza Sitarević, Šejla Kunić – THE INFLUENCE OF THE EDUCATIONAL LEVEL AND THE EMPLOYMENT OF PARENTS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS OF PUPILS OF THE LOWER PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE
Full text

Abstract
The main goal of this research was to examine the influence of the educational level and employment of parents on the development of phonological awareness of pupils of first and second primary school grades. The sample of respondents consisted of a total of 70 students whose age ranged from 78 months to 104 months. Observing respondents in relation to gender, 37 were male and 33 were female. The research was conducted in primary schools in the municipalities of Travnik and Novi Travnik in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The obtained results showed that the level of parents’ education and the employment of parents influence the development of the phonological awareness of pupils of the first and second grades of primary schools. Namely, phonological awareness was more developed with pupils whose parents were employed and had a higher education level. The obtained results point to the need for professionals to pay more attention to the phonological development of children coming from families of low socioeconomic status. It is very important to timely identify students with difficulties in the development of phonological awareness with the aim of organizing and providing adequate professional assistance. If the student has difficulty in the field of phonological awareness, in that case the mentioned difficulties may also have a negative effect on the learning skills in other areas.
Keywords: phonological awareness, lower primary school age, parental education level, pupils, parents’ employment

Edin Djedović, Irfan Djedović – IMPACT OF CONVENTIONAL STOCK MARKET INDEX ON ISLAMIC STOCK MARKET INDEX IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Full text

Abstract
This study analyzes the impact of conventional index (SASX-30) on Islamic index (SASE-BBI) in Bosnia and Herzego-vina. In the study are used daily index observations spanning in a period from October 2016 until May 2018. The data is obtained from the Sarajevo Stock Exchange database. Vector Auto-regression analysis (VAR) and Impulse response functions are used in order to estimate the impact. The results show that there is a significant negative impact of conven-tional index volatility (SASX-30) on Islamic index volatility (SASX-BBI) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Keywords: conventional stock market index, Islamic stock market index, impact, B&H

 

Meliha Povlakić Hadžiefendić, Esad H. Mahmutović, Husnija Hasanbegović – PERCEPTION OF PARENTAL SUPPORT BY DEAF AND HARD-OF-HEARING STUDENTS
Full text

Abstract
The aim of the paper was to determine the perception of parental support and understanding by deaf and hard-of-hearing students. The sample consisted of 47 deaf and hard-of-hearing students, both genders, with an average age of 16 ± 1.27 years. Children’s Perceptions of Parents Scale, (Grolnick, Ryan & Deci, 1991), which consists of three subscales, and which measure parental involvement, support of autonomy and parental warmth, especially for the mother, especially for the father was used in this research. The data were processed by descriptive analysis, and the t-test was used to test the mother’s support perception difference in relation to father’s support perception. The results showed that deaf and hard-of-hearing students mostly positively perceived the parent involvement, support of autonomy and warmth of both parents, but a statistically significant difference in the individual perception of parents was found in favor of the mothers.
Keywords: perception, parental support, deaf, hard-of-hearing

Sead Rešić, Edisa Korda, Ahmed Palić, Maid Omerović – MATHEMATICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHILDREN THAT SHOWN ABOVE/BELOW AVERAGE SUCCESS AT THE MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION
Full text

Abstract
In this study, we analyzed the emotional and conative characteristics of fourth grade students of elementary school as follows: motivation for learning math, situational interest in learning mathematics during teaching, mathematics anxiety, self-esteem in relation to academic achievement and attributions of success and failure in mathematics. In a sample of 200 students and 20 teachers were analyzed emotional and conative characteristics capable of above-average and below average in math-age students. The study used the descriptive method, a questionnaire and a test. The research results are presented graphically and in tabular form with an explanation and discussion. In the conclusion are set the directions which should further improve this insufficiently studied area.
Keywords: mathematics, giftedness, emotional and conative characteristics, teaching, teacher, student

Jin Xiaolei – THE NATURE OF THE CHINESE SCRIPT
Full text

Abstract
This paper introduces the nature of the Chinese script, with the focus on its origin and development, the main four kinds of creation methods, the basic strokes of Chinese characters and the significance of its radical structure. The author be-lieves that Chinese characters are the carriers of the script, phoneme and meaning as well as of the grammatical struc-ture of the Chinese language. Hence, the Latin alphabet for the Chinese phonetic system cannot replace Chinese char-acter, and learning Chinese character is very important for foreign learners. Finally, the author gives a mnemonic of the basic rules for stroke order that facilitates learners’ memory and helps them write characters correctly and quickly.
Keywords: Chinese script, characters, strokes order, Chinese language

Suada A. Džogović – THE INFLUENCE OF CONTRIBUTION ACTIVITIES OF TURKEY ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF COUNTRIES IN TRANSITION: THE CASE OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND KOSOVO ECONOMY
Full text

Abstract
The aim of this study is to improve the knowledge about the influence of the Republic of Turkey on the economic development of the Western Balkan countries in the period from 2003 to 2014. The analysis of the activities of the Republic of Turkey shows how much they contribute to the national product, that is, they had influence on the diversification of the economy, generate the income and sustainability of a part of the engaged population in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. Comparative data of the analyzed countries show that, with oscillatory movements, an increase in total investments of the Republic of Turkey was recorded in the period from 2003 to 2014. From the analyzed period, it is clear that Turkey is pursuing an active economic policy, whose primary objective is to improve economic relations with the Western Balkan countries.
Keywords: Total Investments, Contribution Activities, Turkey, B&H, Kosovo

Allan O. de la Cruz – ANALYSES AND CONSERVATION STRATEGIES OF INDIGENOUS ILOKANO FOLKSONGS IN NORTHWESTERN CAGAYAN, PHILIPPINES
Full text

Abstract
The study collected and analyzed the content, theme, and virtues nested in the indigenous Ilocano songs in the Northwestern part of Cagayan province, Philippines. These folksongs are expressions of Ilokanos’ thoughts, feelings and emotions as shown in the folksongs on love for humanity and the natural world. The themes are focused on being proud, happy and thankful for the quality of life they have, for any beautiful thing, for the love of family, and for the gift of nature. The dominant virtues traced include faithfulness, idealism, optimism, industry, humility, unity, pride, love and respect. Preservation and conservation of these folksongs is possible through collecting and documentation, transforming these songs into various media (printed and electronic), and establishing a folksong museum which could be a Center of Folksong- Knowledge Transmission. Government and the academic community should help support the conservation of authentic Ilokano songs before these shall be forgotten.
Keywords: content analysis, Ilocano folksongs, indigenous songs, Northwestern Cagayan, preservation and conservation, translations

Sead Rešić, Alma Šehanović, Amila Osmić – ISOSCELES TRIANGLES ON THE SIDES OF A TRIANGLE
Full text

Abstract
Famous construction of Fermat-Toricelly point of a triangle leads to the question is there a similar way to construct other isogonic centers of a triangle in a similar way. For a purpose we remember that Fermat-Torricelli point of a triangle ΔABC is obtained by constructing equilateral triangles outwardly on the sides AB,BC and CA. If we denote thirth vertices of those triangles by C1,A1 and B1 respectively, then the lines AA1,BB1 and CC1 concurr at the Fermat-Torricelli point of a triangle ΔABC (Van Lamoen, 2003). In this work we present the condition for the concurrence, of the lines AA1,BB1 and C1, where C1,A1 and B1 are the vertices of an isosceles triangles constructed on the sides AB,BC and CA (not necessarily outwordly) of a triangle ΔABC. The angles at this work are strictly positive directed so we recommend the reader to pay attention to this fact.
Keywords: Ceva, Menelaus, Stewartes, cevian, concurrency, collinearity, Fermat, Torricelly

Contents

Full Issue