Khalid Alasim, Peter V. Paul – INCLUSION AND d/DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING STUDENTS:
A QUALITATIVE META-ANALYSIS
This study investigated the prominent perspectives on the effects of inclusion on d/Deaf and hard of hearing (d/Dhh) students. A systematic search of databases and journals was conducted. The researchers identified 23 studies that met the inclusion criteria, and other articles were analyzed to support the interpretations and provide suggestions for the improvement of inclusion. Inclusion of d/Dhh students in general education classrooms is controversial because of the students’ unique language and communication needs. In addition, there are contradictory findings regarding the effects of inclusion on academic achievement and social development. These inconsistent findings were primarily due to the use of different research methodologies, different measurements and tests, and the diverse experiences of the home and school environments. Based on the findings of this study, recommendations for further research are suggested.
Keywords: Inclusion, Academic Achievement, Perspective, Social Interaction
Izeta Husić-Đuzić, Ševala Tulumović – PERCEPTION OF ADAPTATION OF A SPATIAL ENVIRONMENT FOR SUCCESSFUL MOVEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
The aim of the paper is to show differences in the accessibility of the environment between young people with disabilities and young people without disabilities. The sample of respondents consisted of two sub-samples. The first sub-sample was composed of young people with disabilities, chronologically aged 18-35, both sexes 50 of them. The second subsample consisted of young people without disabilities, chronologically aged 18-35, both sexes 50 of them, selected by random selection method from the Tuzla Canton area. The data obtained by the research were processed using the method of parametric and nonparametric statistics. Frequencies, percentages and measures of central tendency are calculated (arithmetic mean, standard deviation). To investigate the differences between the tested variables, p-values were used, and variance analysis was used to test the significance of the differences. The obtained results showed that there is a statistically significant difference in the adaptability of space and the accessibility of the environment between young people with disabilities and young people without disabilities. Young people with disabilities are the worst evaluators of the accessibility of public transport and the environment, and the best evaluators of accessibility of housing.
Keywords: young people with disabilities, young people without disabilities, accessibility
Emira Švraka, Naim Salkić, Berka Klinić – OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND LEISURE TIME OF PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES
Introduction: Occupations can be divided into three subcategories: activities that are socially expected, activities that affirm health and support maintenance of health and leisure activities. Leisure time activities are an individual choice from personal interests and values, not because of the expectations of the environment. Leisure time activities can be divided into three basic groups: activities for rest, recreation and personal development. Goals: Occupational therapy and leisure time of persons with developmental difficulties are determining the duration of activities that are carried out due to rest, various forms of recreation and personal development and their mutual relationship. Results: In total 121 persons with cerebral palsy participated in the workshops of the Cerebral palsy associations of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 52 (42.98%) from Sarajevo, 14 (11.58%) from Gorazde, 29 (23.97%) from Zenica, 9 (7.43%) from Sapna and 17 (14.05%) from the Center „Koraci nade“ (Steps of hope) from Tuzla. Of the total sample (121 respondents) one hour per day listened to the music 29 (23.97%) participants, 2 hours 26 (21.49%), 3 and more hours 59 (48.76%) and not listen to the music at all 7 participants (5.78%). Of the total sample per day 1-hour watches TV and uses internet 20 (16.53%) participants, 2 hours 35 (28.92%), 3 and more hours 60 (49.59%) and no TV viewing or internet use 6 (4.96%) participants. For all four Associations, members of the Cerebral palsy associations of Federation of FBiH and the Center “Koraci nade”, Tuzla, for leisure activities directed to rest, there is a statistically significant difference in the time spent in the activities: χ2 = 55.071; df = 6; p < .0001. For all four Associations, members of the Cerebral palsy associations of FBiH and Center “Koraci nade”, Tuzla, there is a statistically significant difference in the frequency of participation in cultural and sports activities: χ2 = 162.758; df = 12; p < .0001. For all four Associations, members of the Cerebral palsy associations of Federation of FBiH and Center “Koraci nade”, Tuzla, there is a statistically significant difference in time spent with companions, friends: χ 2= 34.137; df = 2; p < .0001. Discussion: In the study by Mlinarević The Styles of Leisure Time of High School Pupils in Slavonija and Baranja, 2004, outlined 43 leisure activities. The author combines the four leisure time styles: elite, hedonistic, sport-recreational and traditional-(non) conventional.
Keywords: occupational therapy, leisure activities, developmental difficulties
Edin Muftić, Adela Jahić, Ranko Kovačević – INTERNALISED AND EXTERNALISED DISORDER FROM THE ASPECT OF FREE TIME
A well-organized free time at children and youth can prevent or ease the occurence of serious behavioural disoders and ensure a quality use of free time. The aim of the research is to examine if a well-organized free time has impact on the occurence of internalised and externalised disorders. The research starts with the assumption that students whose free time is organized have less intensity of exposure of some types of internalised and externalised behavioural disorders. The sample consists of 230 primary and secondary school finishing class students, both sex, aged 14-19 years old. The research was conducted at the area of the city of Tuzla. The Scale of self assessment of the youth was used in the research. The results show that students who do not spend a well-organized free time expose the following types of internalised and externalised disorders: anxiety, somatic issues without a clear medical cause, violation of rules at home and school.
Keywords: internalised aaand externalised disorders, free time, adolescents.
Saša Stepanović – THE FREQUENCY OF USAGE OF DIFFERENT WORK FORMS IN AN
INCLUSIVE TEACHING ENVIRONMENT
The aim of this study was to investigate how frequently the different forms of work (frontal, individual and group) are used in the Serbian inclusive education. The sample consisted of 16 elementary schools in Serbia which pupils with sensory impairments attend (visual and auditory impairments: N=69). Systematic observation has been used on 382 classes. Results have shown that in the majority of classes the frontal form was predominantly used (67.7%). Significantly less present was the individual form (22.6%), while the variations of group work were the least frequently used. Considering the goals of inclusive education with the fact that the social engagement of pupils with sensory impairments in class can be beneficial, the frontal form alone is not enough for an effective teaching process. Despite its practicality, it is necessary to use the frontal form in balance with other work forms in all the phases of the class.
Keywords: frontal work form, group work form, inclusion, individual work form, pupils with sensory impairments, work forms of teaching
Naim Salkić, Husnija Hasanbegović, Emira Švraka – CONTENT ANALYSIS OF THE WRITTEN COMMUNICATION FORM OF DEAF CHILDREN
The aim of this research was to examine the communication and linguistic competence of a meaningful understanding of the written communication form of deaf persons. In this study, a qualitative method of content analysis was used. The study was done on a sample of 70 deaf respondents. Deaf subjects were divided into two groups. One group wrote letters to another group on a topic of free choice, and the other group responded to the letter. After these correspondences, the letters were analysed in a way to search for understanding the content. Letters were agrammatic with a large number of omitted letters and syntactically difficult to understand. However, children who are deaf, perfectly recognized the context, and responded to letters with understanding. The results of the research showed that the deaf respondents have communication, but not linguistic competence in the written form of communication.
Keywords: deafness, linguistic competence, communication competence, letter
Dženana Radžo Alibegović, Amela Teskeredžić, Aldijana Kudumović – DIFFERENCES IN TACTILE PERCEPTION IN CHILDREN WITH AND WITHOUT VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
The aim of this study was to examine the differences in tactile perception in children with and without visual impairment. The study covered 30 examinees with visual impairment and 30 subjects without visual impairment aged 7-13, both sexes. The research was conducted in the “First Elementary School” (“Prva osnovna škola”) in Zavidovići and the “Centre for Blind and Visually Impaired Children and Youth” Nedžarići – Sarajevo. The results of the study showed that children with visual impairment have a better developed tactile perception in their entirety, compared to children with no visual impairment, and that there is a statistically significant difference in the individual variables of tactile perception: ” Two-Point Discrimination” (right), ” Two-Point Discrimination R “(left) and” Stereognosis “(left).
Keywords: tactile perception, children with visual impairment, children without visual impairment
Nada Dobrota-Davidović, Jadranka Otašević, Ljiljana Radević – THE IMPACT OF STUTTERING ON THE ABILITY TO ACQUIRE ACADEMIC KNOWLEDGE IN CHILDREN OF SCHOOL AGE
The aim of this research was to establish the level of abilities that is a prerequisite for acquiring academic knowledge of children who stutter. The sample consisted of 102 subjects, of whom 42 children were experimental, and 60 children constituted a control group. We used following instruments: Riley test – a test for stuttering estimation, for quantitative speech analysis and ACADIA – a capacity assessment test that is a prerequisite for the acquisition of academic knowledge. The obtained results showed that there are differences in perceptual, visuo-motor, non-verbal and speech-language abilities of children stuttering in relation to children who do not stutter. There is a significant connection between the stuttering and the success of the Serbian language and the stutter and education of the parents. These differences should be used as the starting point in a therapeutic program for working with children who stutter.
Keywords: stuttering, academic knowledge, children of school age
Azra Hilić-Huskić, Esad H. Mahmutović, Meliha Povlakić Hadžiefendić – VISUAL PERCEPTION OF SPEECH IN CHILDREN WITH COCHLEAR IMPLANT
By the development and application of cochlear implants, a large number of people with hearing impairment realize a better perception of speech after implantation. The aim of the research was to determine the differences in the quality of the perception of speech of children with cochlear implant in relation to the perception modality (auditory, visual, and audiovisual). The sample consisted of 30 deaf children with a cochlear implant, both sexes, chronologically aged from 3 to 15 years old, who regularly attend or had attended rehabilitation of hearing and speaking. The Test Lingvogram and the Articulation Test were used for testing (Vuletić, 1990). The data were processed with descriptive statistics and singlefactor analysis of variance. Respondents had the weakest results of word repetition and word understanding in the visual modality, much better results in auditory modality, and the best results in audiovisual modality. By comparing different modalities of speech perception, it was found that the differences were statistically significant in all pairs of modalities, both in word repetition and in word understanding, at the level of statistical significance p < .05, except between the visual and auditory perception (p = .26) in word repetition, but they were clinically significant in this combination too. The reason for the better effects of the modalities of the auditory and especially audiovisual perception, in relation to the visual perception of speech in this study is the application of cochlear implants in improving hearing and listening. However, people with a cochlear implant are still persons with hearing impairment. They should always have a high level of quality of the visual perception of speech in communication, which can be achieved by special exercises in the process of early rehabilitation of hearing and speaking.
Keywords: hearing impairment, cochlear implant, visual perception
Dragan Stojiljković Čauševac – CLINICAL PROTOCOL FOR APHASIA AND APHASIA TEAM
The Clinical Protocol for Aphasia was created on the basis of international scientific research and presented to the professionals in this field at the First Congress of the Speech and Language Pathologists of Serbia. The Protocol, whose character is diagnostic-prognostic, is multidimensional in its structure containing five axes of assessment. Its greatest value is that it aims at realistic goal setting in the rehabilitation therapy of aphasia.Communication is the key to social participation and the objective of the rehabilitation of aphasia is a social goal, i.e., the optimization of communication between aphasia patientand their environment.The imperative of the protocol is interdisciplinarity, so one of the protocol outcomes is the aphasia team. The aphasia team is characterized by interdisciplinarity, functionality, flexibility and dynamism. One of the outcomes of the application of the Clinical Protocol for Aphasia is the choice of treatment: approach to leading disorder, functional approach, and social approach.
Keywords: aphasia, protocol, aphasia team, treatment
Zora Jachova, Jasmina Kovačević, Husnija Hasanbegović – INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION PLAN (IEP) FOUNDATION OF A QUALITY INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Children with disability deserve equal access to quality education which enable them develop into useful member of the society and contribute to the economic growth of their immediate community irrespective of their areas of special needs. The Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a written document specifically developed for students with disabilities in inclusive education. The main goal of this article is to present a checklist of the essential elements required for an IEP and it is intended that these will form the basis for good inclusive practicein the future. The IEP is a working document and should be useful, available and comprehensible to all those dealing directly with the student. It needs to be considered in the context of home, school and classroom organisation.Effective individual education plans have key characteristics: Individualised and child-centred, Inclusive, Holistic, Collaborative and Accessible.
Keywords: Individual Education Plan (IEP , inclusive education, collaboration, individualization
Snježana Stanišić – STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN THE BANKING SECTOR
Management in banks has a unique aim, which is to create a clear picture of the appropriate directing of banking products, characterised by concentration on quality and integrity, maintaining interaction with the employees and beneficiaries of banking services and products, as well as creating solutions that would more successfully fulfil their needs. In order to achieve this, the management team should, first of all, accept all the accurate information on previous transactions, both those of legal and physical persons, and should fulfil their needs and realise their demands based on the principle of a business relationship. On account of the increased competition on the market, banks are additionally stimulated to introduce changes in their operations, to modernise their offer in order to survive on the market. The process of strategic planning in the banking sector may be presented as one of the most important factors for its long-term successful business operations.
Keywords: Banking services and products, competition on the market, strategic planning
Ljiljana Čolić – THE OTTOMAN TURKISH STUDIES FROM THE PAST TO PROSPERITY
The article focuses on the progressive worldwide growing interest for the Ottoman studies through last decades, first caused by the changing of the attitude towards the national history and tradition in the same Republic of Turkey
Keywords: Ottoman Turkish Studies, Ottoman language, Culture, Tradition