A number of d/Deaf and hard of hearing students, as well as other students in special education programs, have difficulty accessing academic content information that, traditionally, has been presented in written language in print and electronically (e.g., textbooks, other school materials, etc.). Because this information represents what students need to know, there will be a large gap in their knowledge base, and students will not have ample opportunities to develop a high level of literate thought. That is, students will not be able to represent and manipulate information, solve problems, or develop other higher-level critical thinking skills. This article presents a case for the reconceptualization of literacy—namely, a broadening of our traditional notion of literacy as being able to read and write a written language. This reconceptualization, emphasizing literate thought, requires a discussion of types of literacies and an understanding of constructs such as access and interpretation, illiteracy, and listening comprehension. Also discussed is the intertwinement of literate thought and Universal Design for Learning. The article concludes with questions for further exploration and dialogue.
Keywords: d/Deaf and hard of hearing, literacy, literate thought

This paper provides an overview and critical review of the question of whether and to what extent has the coronavirus pandemic affected the economic situation of women. The case study in Bosnia and Herzegovina identified the key concepts that will guide our analysis and interpretation. Based on our experiences, we examine and investigate the economic and social status of women in general, and then monitor economic and social parameters during the coronavirus pandemic, to answer the key question- whether the pandemic caused more damage to men or women in economic terms, did it emphasize and deepen the existing gender gap in economic and social terms, or did it improve the position of women, which we consider less likely. This is a predominantly quantitative approach, given that we collected, compared, and analyzed various statistical data from the census, statistics from labor and employment agencies on the labor market, and similar. Using the compilation method we collected all relevant statistical data for research, and then relied on content analysis and comparison to draw key conclusions. Also, using the compilation method we collected various media reports related to the topic. Where there was a need for additional sources we used the interview as a qualitative method, where we relied on the experience of employment agencies, as well as non-governmental organizations dealing with gender equality issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Even though numerous studies have shown that the Covid-19 pandemic had a disproportionate impact on women, our research confirms that official statistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina do not reveal that women are significantly more economically affected than men. The expressiveness of women affected by the coronavirus pandemic and the impact on their economic status was also given through regression analysis and its results. Taking into account only R Square and its indicator of 48%, which is not negligible, it shows the economic position of women before the coronavirus, but certainly during the pandemic. However, given that the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic risk improving existing gender inequalities, we also seek to remind the relevant institutions of their commitment to addressing gender inequalities in all aspects of society and achieving these goals more quickly through a gender-sensitive approach. This, therefore, further opens up opportunities for gender equality, the effectiveness of sustainable development goals, and the empowerment of women in all aspects of social, political, cultural, and economic life.
Keywords: Pandemic, Covid-19, gender equality, economic status, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Aleksandra Basic, Bojana Arsic, Anja Gajic, Ruzica Zdravkovic Parezanovic, Dragana Macesic Petrovic, Tamara Lazovic

Modern education aims to form a versatile and creative personality that will leave school equipped for life, and mathematical skills are deemed necessary skills to participate in modern society. So, one of the challenges of modern education is precisely to enable the conditions for the development of creativity in school. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review the relevant literature to define the concept of creativity in mathematics teaching, point out the need to stimulate creativity in students and present some of the strategies for encouraging creativity in mathematics teaching. The paper presents the connection between mathematics teaching and creativity, as well as the factors that influence creativity in mathematics teaching. Strategies for encouraging creativity in teaching mathematics were also presented, as well as a presentation of games that can be used in teaching, with a review of their application in working with students with intellectual disabilities.
Keywords: creativity, mathematical creativity, teaching, education, mathematics

The study examines the influence of metacognitive reading strategies in developing the reading comprehension skills among ESL (English as Second Language) learners with the psychosomatic condition. Qualitative and quantitative research was used in the present study and it was an experimental study. Reading comprehension skill is crucial to language learners for effective decoding of the information. Metacognitive reading strategies aid the learners to develop reading strategies for effective comprehension of the text. The metacognitive strategies like pragmatic and analytical strategies were used in this research to improve the intensive and evaluative reading comprehension skills. The participants of the study are a hundred and twelve (Male and Female) tertiary level ESL learners from the undergraduate engineering program. The experiment intends to improve the reading comprehension skills among the samples with psychosomatic conditions. The sampling method used in the study was purposive sampling. Data collection tools like questionnaires, pre-test, post-test, and post-feedback questionnaires were used in the study. An android-based application will be created with the activities and instructional materials and it was circulated to the learners. Metacognitive reading activities were given to the learners through the application and data was collected. Results were quantitatively analyzed using statistical tools from the data collected through the application. The results of the present study were indicative that there is a significant improvement in the learners’ reading comprehension skills due to the intervention of metacognitive reading strategies.
Keywords: Metacognition, Reading comprehension, Metacognitive reading strategies, Analytic component, Pragmatic component

The purpose of the manuscript is limited exclusively to assessing the role and legal nature of the international contract for the avoidance of double taxation. The subject of the analysis of this paper is the avoidance of the phenomenon of double international taxation through the conclusion and ratification of specific international contracts. These contracts, especially for countries claiming EU membership, should be established through the harmonization of tax legislation and recognized practices of EU member states. Based on the reports of the Western Balkan countries, there is an intensification of energies and strategies for EU membership. Kosovo and other countries in this area have signed a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA). This fact has increased the turnover of people and businesses in Western Europe. Challenges in the future are the problems in the field of numerous techniques and methodologies related to the drafting of contracts because countries outside the EU are applying non-unified standards regarding the avoidance of double taxation. Nowadays, this topic has aroused interest in the tax system of Kosovo, having in consideration its commitment to full membership in international integration.
Keywords: international legal contracts, bilateral, double taxation, evasion, tax evasion

The aim of the research was to determine whether the innovative support service “ Programme of mental arithmetic” has positive effects on the cognitive abilities and the satisfaction of life of the elderly in institutional accommodation. New support services for the elderly are rarely developed, so it is expected that in addition to the direct positive effects on cognitive abilities, there are also indirect effects on the perception of life satisfaction. The study involved 60 elderly people, divided into control and experimental groups. Cognitive abilities were tested using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test and life satisfaction by using the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). An increase in scores was found on both instruments after the program was conducted in the experimental group. The scores of the control group did not change significantly.
Keywords: mental arithmetic, support service, elderly, abacus, cognitive abilities

When it comes to sports (volleyball, handball, basketball, football …) the main value is reflected in their attractiveness, wide application, and availability. At the same time, these are sports of higher achievements (top sport), sports entertainment is an important mean of active rest (recreation) and, of course, one of the most powerful means of physical education. The popularity of sports games is especially pronounced among school children and youth. In addition to compulsory physical education classes, they are widely represented in free sports activities. As it is known among other anthropological dimensions, cognitive abilities have a significant impact in achieving top results in sports. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between a set of predictor variables of cognitive abilities and a set of criterion variables of situational motor abilities in sports games, especially in volleyball in primary school boys. By analyzing the corresponding canonical functions in the space of cognitive abilities, the function is defined by all variables, as well as by another set of data, the function is defined by all situational motor variables. As all cognitive abilities are in direct proportionality with the results of situational motor skills tests, it can be concluded that subjects with higher spatialisation ability and higher IQ will have good results in specific motor, especially in volleyball. These results are logical considering the structure of performing exercises from sports games especially volleyball, which require good coordination of movements, which is directly related to cognitive abilities.
Keywords: relations, cognitive abilities, situational-motor abilities, sports, volleyball, students

The aims of this paper are to contribute to the deepening of research in this field in SEE countries, but also the application of appropriate knowledge in organizations, to increase performance, improve organizational culture, strengthen leadership of human resource management. The paper examines the factors that affect employee motivation and encourages the understanding that continuous improvement of knowledge can achieve high results that would reflect on their professional success and personal needs, as well as on the business of the organization. The paper is realized in accordance with the contemporary principles of scientific-research work. In the analysis, special attention was paid to the works and attitude research results show a significant positive correlation between attitude towards company goals and attitude towards leading training, as well as development of human resource function and attitude towards training.
Keywords: leadership, training, performance, HRM

The COVID-19 pandemic that hit the world during 2019 has set an enormous challenge for the healthcare industry in B&H as well as for the entire world. The Healthcare industry was forced to find new strategies overnight to survive. This study aims to investigate the impact of transactional and transformational leadership styles on employees’ intention to stay in mediating the role of affective commitment in healthcare organizations in B&H during the COVID-19. This research has high implications for decreasing turnover in workplaces and increasing organizational commitment by contributing high commitment to the employees that will be more motivated and perform better. The data of the study were analyzed using SPSS (v20) software packages and mediation tests were applied, using 178 sample data from private healthcare institutions in B&H. The results indicate that effective commitment mediates the connection between transformational and transactional leadership and turnover intention.
Keywords: transactional leadership, transformational leadership, affective commitment, organizational commitment, COVID-19, healthcare

This study aims to empirically investigate the determinants of online banking adoption in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The data presented in this paper was collected via a survey from 321 randomly selected banking users in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The survey was developed based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) framework to test the constructs and their ability to predict consumers’ behavioral intentions. All gathered data was processed and analyzed using the AMOS software version 24. We performed the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) for path analysis to estimate the strength of the hypothesized relationships among the determinants. The findings indicate a significant impact of Attitude, Perceived Usefulness, and Perceived Ease of Use on consumers’ Intention to Use online banking services. Further, the research has proven that Perceived Usefulness and Perceived Ease of Use impact consumers’ Attitudes toward online banking adoption. The path analysis result suggests that Perceived Usefulness strongly mediates the relationship between Perceived Ease of Use and Attitude.
Keywords: Technology Acceptance Model, Online Banking, Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, Attitude, Intention to Use

DOi: 10.21554/hrr